During the course of 1923, President Warren Harding began to be aware of scandals within his administration. Few believe that Harding himself was corrupt or that he had knowledge of the breadth of the offenders' misconduct. He did remark, however, that what kept him awake at night was not the actions of his political foes, but those of his friends.In part to escape from those worries, Harding and his wife departed on a trip to Alaska. Several days later in San Francisco, the president died.On August 3, Vice President Calvin Coolidge took the oath of office from his father, a small town justice of the peace in Vermont.A large funeral was held for Harding and prominent Americans made the obligatory laudatory remarks about the departed leader. As time passed and news of the scandals came out, some Republican leaders were relieved that Harding was gone; his continuation in office may have threatened the party’s hold on power.Rumors about the cause of death began to circulate almost immediately. Another theory pointed to unhappy cronies who feared that the president might make good on his promise to clean up his administration.Recent scholarship has effectively scuttled such speculation.* The opening of Harding’s physician’s records indicates that the president had long suffered from high blood pressure and that a heart attack was the cause of death.
*See particularly Robert H. Ferrell, The Strange Deaths of President Harding (Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1996).See summary of the Harding administration.